Communication Strategies & Managing Difficult Behaviors

All Behavior is Communication

As dementia physically changes the brain, communication is affected—both giving and receiving communication. Someone with dementia may need to use their behavior as a way to communicate. Some common behavioral symptoms are:

  • Anxiety or agitation
  • Aggression
  • Confusion
  • Repetition
  • Wandering
  • Suspicion
  • Sleep disturbances

Situations that are often considered “challenging” by caregivers can often be prevented.

Here are some communication strategies that may help!  Call ADRC 920-448-4300 for more information.

Caring for a Person with Dementia:

Communication Strategies

Validate

Person with Dementia: “I need to call my daughter. She was supposed to pick me up!”
Caregiver: “Oh, you must be worried.”

DO: Begin by validating the feeling and give a word to the emotion.
DON’T: Dismiss the person with dementia.

Why? Validation can reduce stress and agitation. The emotion is more important than the reason behind it.

Apologize

Person with Dementia: “Where did you put my wallet?”
Caregiver: “I’m sorry, I must have moved it.”

DO: Take responsibility for things even if it wasn’t your fault.
DON’T: Turn the blame back on the person with dementia

Why? An apology is a great way to allow a person to move forward in a conversation.

Reassure

Person with Dementia: “I’ve lost my purse. I had it right here.”
Caregiver: “Don’t worry, I’ll help you find it.”

DO: Ensure the person with dementia feels that help is on the way.
DON’T: Take the opportunity to orient the person with dementia.

Why? Whether a person has dementia or not, statements of reassurance are naturally calming.

Redirect
Person with Dementia: “I need to go to the bank and get my money out.”

Caregiver: “Yes, let’s go for a drive this afternoon. Let’s eat lunch first.”

DO: Respond affirmatively, then offer another activity to do first.
DON’T: Reorient the person and explain that they no longer need to go to the bank.

Why? Redirect on or distraction is one of the most effective ways to change the thought process of your loved one with dementia.

Don’t Reorient

Person with Dementia: “I want to go home. This is not my home.”
Caregiver: “You grew up on a farm, right?”

DO: Identify their request as an attempt to connect and communicate an anxiety emotion.
DON’T: Try to convince them that they are “home” and reorient them.

Why? Forcing a person with dementia to accept parts of reality that they cannot understand is harmful.

Bring it all Together

Person with Dementia: “Nobody is going to make decisions for me. You can go now…and don’t come back!”
Caregiver: “I’m sorry (APOLOGIZE), this is a tough time (VALIDATE).
I love you and we’re going to get through this together (REASSURE).
It is important that you make your own decisions (DON’T REORIENT).
You know what? I got a new recipe for banana bread (REDIRECT).
I think you love banana bread.”

DICE Approach

The Dementia Care Specialist (DCS) can work one-on-one with caregiver to help understand and manage difficult behavioral symptoms.

The DICE Approach stands for Describe, Investigate, Create, and Evaluate. Its purpose is to manage difficult behaviors to reduce overreliance on medications.

With the support of the Wisconsin Alzheimer’s Institute, the DCS can help walk through this step-by-step, evidence-informed approach that caregivers and loved ones can continue to use to help problem-solve independently.

The DICE Series Workshop, Mondays, March 23 – April 27 at the ADRC     Brainstorming Creative Solutions & Managing Difficult Behaviors

Call 920-448-4300 to register.

Interested in learning about the DICE Approach? Call ADRC 920-448-4300.

Difficult Conversations When Dementia is Involved

Wednesday, March 25, 1:00 – 2:30 pm, at ADRC

Get ideas regarding difficult conversations and decisions that need to be had with your loved one.  This program will give you ideas on how to encourage a family member to see a physician for cognitive screening or medical care, deciding when to stop driving, and legal and financial plans for future needs.

Free Brain Check-ups offered after the session

Brain Check-Up

Dementia Basics

Purple Angel

Disabilities

Employment Guide for Persons with Disabilities

Outlines employment options including information on job assistance for older adults, veterans, and adults with disabilities. Examples are Social Security Administration Work Incentive programs, how to find funding, assistive technology, and legal issues and advocacy.

Information and Advocacy for Persons with Disabilities

List of organizations that assist persons with disabilities and their families, i.e.: finding services, assistive technology, and support groups in addition to providing education and advocacy on disability related issues and so much more.

Durable Medical Exquipment - Donate - Purchase Used List

ADRC and Options for Independent Living Loan Closets are closed to lending and accepting items.

List of sources for donating equipment you have or to purchase used equipment.  Examples are assistive devices for the bathroom, bedroom, walkers, canes, wheelchairs, etc.  If you need to explore more options call the ADRC at 920-448-4300 for assistance.

Programs for Individuals with Disabilities

List of organizations that serve persons with disabilities with programs to help them stay active and learn new skills.

Respite Options for People with Special Needs

Explains what respite is, why it’s important, available respite options and where to get assistance to sort through those options.

ASPIRO

aspiroinc.org. 920-498-2599, 1673 Dousman Str., Green Bay, WI Agency serving individuals with disabilities.  Services such as early intervention, employment, and day services, and more.

CP

www.wearecp.org. 920-337-1122, 2801 South Webster Avenue, Green Bay, WI  Provides aquatic exercise, therapy services, adult day services, childcare, advocacy, and information.

Curative Connections

curativeconnections.org. 920-468-1161, 2900 Curry Ln, Green Bay, WI  A wide variety of services for older adults and adults with disabilities.  Dementia, adult day services, training and employment, rehabilitation, transportation and more.

Options for Independent Living

Optionsil.org. 920-590-0500, 555 Country Club Road, Green Bay, WI Disability showcase model home and office.  Get hands on experience with assistive technology and adaptive equipment.  Provides advocacy, peer support, information, and referral.

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